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Factors Affecting High Mortality Rates of Dairy Replacement Calves and Heifers

The tropics is not an ideal place to rear young dairy
stock. The harsh tropical climate introduces many animal
health issues to dairy stock, particularly young calves
(Aiumlamai, 1999). Furthermore in many countries, the
type of dairy farming, generally poorly resourced small
holder production systems (Moran, 2009), and the lack of
awareness of the long term implications of poorly reared
young stock (Moran and McLean, 2001), does not
encourage farmers to pay close attention to their calf rearing
systems.